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Immunomodulatory and Antioxidant Effects of Polysaccharides from Gynostemma pentaphyllum Makino in Immunosuppressed Mice

Authors: Xiaoya Shang , Yu Chao, Yuan Zhang , Chengyuan Lu , Chunlan Xu and Weining Niu Source: Molecules 2016, 21, 1085; doi:10.3390/molecules21081085 Abstract: The immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities of crude polysaccharides extracted from Gynostemma pentaphyllum  Makino (GPMPP) were investigated. GPMPP was composed of rhamnose, arabinose, xylose, mannose, glucose and galactose in the molar ratio of 1.39:3.76:1.00:1.64:4.98:5.88. In vivo studies showed GPMPP significantly increased the spleen and thymus indices, activated the macrophage phagocytosis and NK cells, and exhibited activity on none or Con A/LPS-stimulated splenocytes in a dose-dependent manner in C57BL/6 mice. Moreover, GPMPP…

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Anti‑cancer effects of Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino (Jiaogulan)

Authors: Yantao Li, Wanjun Lin, Jiajun Huang, Ying Xie and Wenzhe Ma Source: Li et al. Chin Med (2016) 11:43 DOI 10.1186/s13020-016-0114-9 Abstract: Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino (GpM) ( Jiaogulan) has been widely used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of several diseases, including hepatitis, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, GpM has recently been shown to exhibit potent anti-cancer activities. In this review, we have summarized recent research progress on the anti-cancer activities and mechanisms of action of GpM, as well as determining the material basis for the anti-cancer effects of GpM by…

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The healing power of flavonoids

Authors: REBECCA JACOBS Source: THE HEALING POWER OF FLAVONOIDS October, 2014 Abstract: Ever wonder where blueberries, plums, beets, and all of those wonderful deep blue and purple fruits and veggies get their vibrant colors from? Flavonoids! Flavonoids are fantastic for our health, and balance. They act as antioxidants in the body which help to ward off free radicals which in turn helps to prevent oxidative damage to cells. Flavonoids are so powerful, powerful enough that they can actually participate in metabolism, help with the use of calcium in our bodies, and help with inflammation. Flavonoids also help with a whole handful of other…

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